Bitcoin Risk-Adjusted Returns Beat Gold, Stocks After Each Halving
Bitcoin (BTC) outperforms major assets such as gold, real estate and stocks if an investor holds it for just four years, popular data confirms.
Highlighting the success of Bitcoin as an investment tool on Jan. 22, veteran cryptographer Nick Szabo noted Bitcoin is so far unmatched compared to many other assets broadly considered profitable.
Szabo: BTC hodlers “have low time preference”
Szabo linked to a chart from statistics resource Woobull, which placed Bitcoin against United States stocks and real estate, as well as gold, bonds and emerging currencies since 2012.
Using the Sharpe ratio to calculate risk-adjusted returns, Woobull creator Willy Woo gave Bitcoin a score for every four-year “hodl” period from 2013 onwards — four years after Bitcoin’s emergence.
That timespan reflects gaps between Bitcoin block reward halvings when the supply available to miners of each block of transactions reduces by 50%.
The result is Bitcoin reigns supreme over other investments, only briefly seeing competition from stocks at intermittent points during the previous decade.
Bitcoin 4-year risk-adjusted returns since creation. Source: Woobull
For Szabo, Bitcoin’s impressive risk-adjusted returns go hand in hand with its very nature as a decentralized form of hard money which is free from manipulation by governments and central banks.
“Successful Bitcoin holders have low time preference & judge over extended periods, e.g. risk-adjusted return over 4-year holding periods. If an economist has not researched this strong market signal for explanations of supply & demand, they don't have a useful opinion about it.”
Time preference refers to how a person either saves money, knowing it will allow for a better life in terms of wealth in the future, or spends and borrows it out of uncertainty over its value.
Bitcoin escapes “subjective decisions”
As Cointelegraph previously reported, Bitcoin’s simple gains since its inception already made it the leading investment of the 2010s.
At nearly 9,000,000%, the cryptocurrency has more than proven itself to its earliest “hodlers” in terms of returns.
By comparison, risk in the investment options included by Woo stems from their susceptibility to react to third party meddling, Szabo meanwhile continued. For example, emerging currencies, in particular, react to the dollar, which in turn is not allowed to develop according to free-market conditions, as the Federal Reserve “manages” it.
“Dollar prices of assets are very dependent on the subjective decisions the Fed makes about interest rates, money supply, asset financing and asset purchases, so you should ask them to predict what their own behavior would be in such a circumstance. Even they can't predict that.”
Similar arguments for a central tenet of Saifedean Ammous’ popular book, “The Bitcoin Standard,” which focuses on fiat currency’s weakness due to governments refusing to allow free markets.
At the next halving in May 2020, Bitcoin’s inflation rate is expected to drop to 1.8% — below that of both gold and the Fed’s target for the U.S. economy, further increasing its potential risk-adjusted returns.